CROWDFUNDING DALAM PANDANGAN NEGARA KESEJAHTERAAN: DAMPAK REVOLUSI INDUSTRI 4.0 DAN COVID-19 TERHADAP PROGRAM PERLINDUNGAN SOSIAL
This study aims to offer solution for the welfare state's view of crowdfunding as a big data platform for PMKS optimized social protection programs. The Industrial Revolution 4.0 brings changes in social protection programs in the form of integrated big data from central to local governments. Systemically, the Covid-19 pandemic is accelerating the flow of change. Meanwhile, the solution of the Ministry of Social Affairs is highly dependent on the structure of the APBN which is relatively less adaptive with rapid changes due to disasters. The Family of Hope Program (PKH) as a means of government intervention bridging social protection programs that are connected to data on health, education and social services needs to adapt to change. By using soft system dynamic methodology (SSDM), welfare state approach through the concept of crowdfunding, can expand the coverage of social protection service recipients and sharpen the accuracy of targeting recipients who are managed integrated with big data. The researcher analyzes customers, actors, transformation processes, world views, owners, and environmental constraints of CATWOE and uses Vensim software. The results of data processing in the form a causality diagram (CLD) of the thinking system describe actual conditions against causality comparison of the thinking system.
Keyword : Welfare State, Social Protection, Industrial Revolution 4.0, Soft-system Dynamic Methodology, Covid -19.
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