The influence of work discipline, motivation, and work environment on the performance of employees

Authors

  • Louis Brancourt Université d'Angers
  • Budi Shantika Université d'Angers
  • Caren Angellina Mimaki Université d'Angers

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.38043/revenue.v3i1.4658

Keywords:

work discipline, work motivation, work environment, employee performance

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the effect of work discipline, motivation, and work environment on employee performance PD (Perusahaan Daerah) Pasar Kota Denpasar. This research was a quantitative study that described and explained the influence of work discipline, motivation, and work environment on employee performance PD Pasar Kota Denpasar. The study population was all employees working at PD Pasar Kota Denpasar, amounting to 130 employees using sampling techniques with 65 employee respondents. Data collection techniques that the authors used in this study include the test instrument, classic assumption test, multiple linear regression, coefficient of determinant (R²), t-test, and f-test. The results of the analysis showed that (1) Work discipline had a positive and significant effect on the performance of PD Pasar Kota Denpasar with a significant value of 0,021. (2) Work motivation had a positive and significant effect on the performance of PD Pasar Kota Denpasar with a significant value of 0,000. (3) The work environment had a positive and significant effect on the performance of PD Pasar Kota Denpasar with a significant value of 0,009. (4) Work discipline, motivation and work environment on employee performance together had a positive and significant effect on employee performance with a significant value of 0,000 less than 0,05, the hypothesis was accepted.

References

Articles

Adiguzel, Z., & Sonmez Cakir, F. (2022). Examining the effects of strategic orientation and motivation on performance and innovation in the production sector of automobile spare parts. European Journal of Management Studies, 27(2), 131–153. https://doi.org/10.1108/ejms-01-2022-0007

Adiguzel, Z., & Sonmez Cakir, F. (2022). Examining the effects of strategic orientation and motivation on performance and innovation in the production sector of automobile spare parts. European Journal of Management Studies. https://doi.org/10.1108/ejms-01- 2022-0007

Alameeri, K., Alshurideh, M., Al Kurdi, B., & Salloum, S. A. (2021). The Effect of Work Environment Happiness on Employee Leadership. In Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing: Vol. 1261 AISC. Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58669-0_60

Anakpo, G., Nqwayibana, Z., & Mishi, S. (2023). The Impact of Work-from-Home on Employee Performance and Productivity: A Systematic Review. Sustainability (Switzerland), 15(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/su15054529

Andoko, J., & Devina, P. (2015). Analisis Pengaruh Marketing Mix (Produk, Harga, Promosi, Lokasi) Terhadap Minat Beli Konsumen Pada Guest House Di Surabaya. Jurnal Hospitality dan Manajemen Jasa, 55-69.

Anxo, D., & Ericson, T. (2023). Senior citizens’ intrinsic and extrinsic work motivation. International Journal of Manpower, 44(9), 216–236. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJM-12-2022-0578

Apridar, & Adamy, M. (2018). The effect of job satisfaction and work motivation on organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior in BNI in the working area of Bank Indonesia lhokseumawe. Emerald Reach Proceedings Series, 1, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-78756-793-1-00063

Atatsi, E. A., Stoffers, J., & Kil, A. (2019). Factors affecting employee performance: a systematic literature review. Journal of Advances in Management Research, 16(3), 329–351. https://doi.org/10.1108/JAMR-06-2018-0052

Bambang Guritno dan Waridin. (2005). Pengaruh Persepsi Karyawan Mengenai Perilaku Kepemimpinan, Kepuasan Kerja Dan Motivasi Terhadap Kinerja. JRBI, (1)1, 63-74.

Chien, G. C. L., Mao, I., Nergui, E., & Chang, W. (2020). The effect of work motivation on employee performance: Empirical evidence from 4-star hotels in Mongolia. Journal of Human Resources in Hospitality and Tourism, 19(4), 473–495. https://doi.org/10.1080/15332845.2020.1763766

Febrianti, N. T., Suharto, S., & Wachyudi, W. (2020). The Effect of Career Development and Motivation on Employee Performance Through Job Satisfaction in Pt Jabar Jaya Perkasa. International Journal of Business and Social Science Research, 25–35. https://doi.org/10.47742/ijbssr.v1n2p3

Febrianti, Wenty dan Nurlaela, L. W. (2020). Pengaruh Kompensasi Terhadap Etos Kerja Dan Dampaknya Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan Pt. Artha Retailindo. Jurnal Ekobis Ekonomi Bisnis & Manajemen, 10(1), 82–93.

Ferdinandus, S. (2020). Effect of discipline on employee performance through total quality management as mediation variables. Management Science Letters, 10(12), 2905–2912. https://doi.org/10.5267/j.msl.2020.4.016

Forner, V. W., Jones, M., Berry, Y., & Eidenfalk, J. (2020). Motivating workers: how leaders apply self-determination theory in organizations. Organization Management Journal, 18(2), 76–94. https://doi.org/10.1108/OMJ-03-2020-0891

Hanaysha, J. (2016). Examining the Effects of Employee Empowerment, Teamwork, and Employee Training on Organizational Commitment. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 229, 298–306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.07.140

Jayasekara, A. ., & Weeraman, A. P. (2021). Employee Loyalty and Organization’s Role: A Case Study Based on Export Oriented Manufacturing Company, Sri Lanka. Economics, Commerce and Trade Management: An International Journal (ECTIJ), 3(5).

Lee, M. J., Petrovsky, N., & Walker, R. M. (2020). Public-private differences in incentive structures: a laboratory experiment on work motivation and performance. International Public Management Journal, 24(2), 183–202. https://doi.org/10.1080/10967494.2020.1856246

Li, M., Jameel, A., Ma, Z., Sun, H., Hussain, A., & Mubeen, S. (2022). Prism of Employee Performance Through the Means of Internal Support: A Study of Perceived Organizational Support. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 15, 965–976. https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S346697

Mozgovoy, V. (2022). Does psychological work environment matter? Relationship between psychological climate reflecting individual perception of work environment and stress among public servants. Cogent Business and Management, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/23311975.2021.2010483

Nafukho, F. M., Irby, B. J., Pashmforoosh, R., Lara-Alecio, R., Tong, F., Lockhart, M. E., El Mansour, W., Tang, S., Etchells, M., & Wang, Z. (2022). Training design in mediating the relationship of participants’ motivation, work environment, and transfer of learning. European Journal of Training and Development, 47(10), 112–132. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJTD-06-2022-0070

Oyerinde, O. F. (2020). Leadership Style, Work Environment, Organizational Silence and Institutional Effectiveness of Polytechnic Libraries, South-West Nigeria. International Information and Library Review, 52(2), 79–94. https://doi.org/10.1080/10572317.2019.1673642

Prayogi, M. A., Lesmana, M. T., & Siregar, L. H. (2019). The Influence of Communication and Work Discipline to Employee Performance. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 343(1st International Conference on Administration Science (ICAS 2019) The), 423–426. https://doi.org/10.2991/icas-19.2019.88

Rabiul, M. K., Mohamed, A. E., Patwary, A. K., Yean, T. F., & Osman, S. Z. (2021). Linking human resources practices to employee engagement in the hospitality industry: the mediating influences of psychological safety, availability and meaningfulness. European Journal of Management and Business Economics. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJMBE-12-2020-0347

Ramos, M. A. W., Figueiredo, P. S., & Pereira-Guizzo, C. (2018). Antecedents of innovation in industry: The impact of work environment factors on creative performance. Innovation and Management Review, 15(3), 269–285. https://doi.org/10.1108/INMR-05-2018-0032

Rasool, S. F., Wang, M., Tang, M., Saeed, A., & Iqbal, J. (2021). How toxic workplace environment effects the employee engagement: The mediating role of organizational support and employee wellbeing. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(5), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052294

Saban, D., Basalamah, S., Gani, A., & Rahman, Z. (2020). Impact Of Islamic Work Ethics, Competencies, Compensation, Work Culture On Job Satisfaction And Employee Performance: The Case Of Four Star Hotels. European Journal of Business and Management Research, 5(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejbmr.2020.5.1.181

Sadick, A. M., & Kamardeen, I. (2020). Enhancing employees’ performance and well-being with nature exposure embedded office workplace design. Journal of Building Engineering, 32(February), 101789. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2020.101789

Schmid, Y., & Dowling, M. (2022). New work: New motivation? A comprehensive literature review on the impact of workplace technologies. Management Review Quarterly, 72(1), 59–86. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11301-020-00204-7

Semedo, C. S., Salvador, A., Dos Santos, N. R., Pais, L., & Mónico, L. (2022). Toxic Leadership and Empowering Leadership: Relations with Work Motivation. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 15, 1885–1900. https://doi.org/10.2147/PRBM.S340863

Titu, A. M. and Pana, M. M. (2023). Employees’ motivation in knowledge-based organizations in the it industry. Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Business Excellence 2023, 2161-2171. https://doi.org/10.2478/picbe-2023-0189

Tripathi, A., & Kalia, P. (2022). Examining the effects of supportive work environment and organizational learning culture on organizational performance in information technology companies: The mediating role of learning agility and organizational innovation. Innovation: Organization and Management, 00(00), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.1080/14479338.2022.2116640

Verhoeven, J., & Madsen, V. (2022). Active Employee Communication Roles in Organizations: A Framework for Understanding and Discussing Communication Role Expectations. International Journal of Strategic Communication, 00(00), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1080/1553118x.2021.2014503

Wagdi, O., & Sayed, S. (2023). An analytical study of the work environment in industrial companies: Evidence from Arab countries. Cogent Social Sciences, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/23311886.2023.2175489

Books

Amstrong, M. and Baron, A. (1998). Performance Management. Institute of Personal and Development.

Anoraga, P. (2006). Psikologi kerja (Edisi keempat). PT Rineka Cipta.

Basri, A. F. M. dan Rivai, V. (2005). Performance appraisal. PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Elliot et al. (2000). Educational Psychology: Effective Teaching, Effective Learning (3rd edition). McGraw Hill Companies.

Ghozali, I. (2011). Aplikasi Analisis Multivariate Dengan Program SPSS. Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro.

Gibson, James L. et al. (1996). Organisasi: Perilaku, Struktur, Proses. Binarupa Aksara.

Mangkunegara, A.A. A. P. (2009). Manajemen sumber daya manusia. Remaja Rosdakarya. Bandung.

Mathis, R. L. & Jackson, J. H. (2006). Human Resource Management: Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Salemba Empat.

Nitisemito, A. S. (1992). Manajemen dan Sumber Daya Manusia. BPFE UGM.

Rivai, V. (2004). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia untuk perusahaan (Edisi Pertama). PT. Raja Gafindo Persada.

Robbins, S. P. (1996). Perilaku Organisasi (Edisi ke 7). Prehallindo.

Steers, R. M. and Porter, L. W. (1983). Motivation and Work Behavior. Academic Press.

Sutrisno, E. (2009). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia (Edisi pertama). Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Downloads

Published

2022-04-30

How to Cite

1.
Brancourt L, Shantika B, Mimaki CA. The influence of work discipline, motivation, and work environment on the performance of employees. REVENUE [Internet]. 2022Apr.30 [cited 2024Apr.19];3(1):76-89. Available from: https://journal.undiknas.ac.id/index.php/REVENUE/article/view/4658

Issue

Section

Articles